Lockdown issue guidelines

Press Release on extension of lockdown and issue of new guidelines dt 01.05.2020.pdf


Lockdown issue guidelines



After a comprehensive review, and in view of the Lockdown
measures having led to significant gains in the COVID-19 situation in the
country, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India (GoI)
issued an Order under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, today, to
further extend the Lockdown for a further period of two weeks beyond May
4, 2020. MHA also issued new guidelines to regulate different activities
in this period, based on the risk profiling of the districts of the country into
Red (hotspot), Green and Orange Zones. The guidelines have permitted
considerable relaxations in the districts falling in the Green and Orange

2. The criteria for identification of districts as Red, Green and Orange
Zones have been spelt out in detail in the letter dated April 30, 2020,
issued by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), GoI. The
Green Zones will be districts with either zero confirmed cases till date; or,
no confirmed case in the last 21 days. The classification of districts as
Red Zones will take into account the total number of active cases,
doubling rate of confirmed cases, extent of testing and surveillance
feedback from the districts. Those districts, which are neither defined as
Red nor Green, shall be classified as Orange zones. The classification of
districts into Red, Green and Orange Zones will be shared by MoHFW
with the States and Union Territories (UTs) on a weekly basis, or earlier,
as required. While States and UTs can include additional districts as Red
and Orange Zones, they may not lower the classification of a district
included by MoHFW in the list of Red or Orange Zones


3. A number of districts of the country have, within their boundaries,
one or more Municipal Corporations (MCs). It has been observed that
due to higher population density within the MCs, and consequent greater
inter-mixing of people, the incidence of COVID-19 within the boundary of
the MC(s) is higher than in the rest of the district. In the new guidelines,
therefore, it has been provided that such districts will be classified into two
Zones, i.e., one Zone for the area under the boundary of the MC(s); and,
another for the area falling outside the boundary of the MC(s). If the area
outside the boundary of the MC(s) has reported no case for the last 21
days, it will be allowed to be classified as one stage lower than the overall
classification of the district as either Red or Orange. Hence, this area will
be classified as Orange, in case the district is overall Red; or as Green, in
case the district is overall Orange. This classification will enable more
economic and other activities in that area of the district, which is relatively
less affected by the incidence of COVID-19, while also ensuring that due
caution continues to be exercised so that these areas remain free from
COVID-19 cases. This dispensation has been made only in respect of
districts having Municipal Corporation (s).

4. The most sensitive areas of the country, from the spread of COVID19 point of view, and falling within the Red and Orange Zones, are
designated as Containment Zones. These are areas where there is
significant risk of spread of the infection. The containment areas would
be defined by respective District Administrations, taking into account the
total number of active cases, their geographical spread, and the need to
have well demarcated perimeters from the enforcement point of view. The
local authority shall ensure 100% coverage of Aarogya Setu app among
the residents of the Containment Zone. Containment Zones would have
intensified surveillance protocols, with contact tracing, house to house surveillance, home/ institutional quarantining of persons based on their
risk assessment, and clinical management. Strict perimeter control would
need to be ensured, so that there is no movement of people in and out of
these Zones, except for medical emergencies, and for maintaining supply
of essential goods and services. No other activity is permitted within the
Containment Zones.

5. Under the new guidelines, a limited number of activities will remain
prohibited throughout the country, irrespective of the Zone. These include
travel by air, rail, metro and inter-State movement by road; running of
schools, colleges, and other educational and training/ coaching
institutions; hospitality services, including hotels and restaurants; places
of large public gatherings, such as cinema halls, malls, gymnasiums,
sports complexes etc; social, political, cultural and other kinds of
gatherings; and, religious places/ places of worship for public. However,
movement of persons by air, rail and road is allowed for select purposes,
and for purposes as permitted by MHA.

6. The new guidelines also prescribe certain measures for well being
and safety of persons. Hence, movement of individuals, for all nonessential activities, shall remain strictly prohibited between 7 pm to 7 am.
Local authorities shall issue orders under appropriate provisions of law,
such as prohibitory orders [curfew] under Section 144 of CrPC, for this
purpose, and ensure strict compliance. In all zones, persons above 65
years of age, persons with co-morbidities, pregnant women, and children
below the age of 10 years, shall stay at home, except for meeting essential
requirements and for health purposes. Out-Patient Departments (OPDs)
and Medical clinics shall be permitted to operate in Red, Orange and
Green Zones, with social distancing norms and other safety precautions;
however, these will not be permitted within the Containment Zones

7. In the Red Zones, outside the Containment Zones, certain activities
are prohibited in addition to those prohibited throughout the country.
These are: plying of cycle rickshaws and auto rickshaws; running of taxis
and cab aggregators; intra-district and inter-district plying of buses; and,
barber shops, spas and saloons.

8. Certain other activities have been allowed in the Red Zones with
restrictions. Movement of individuals and vehicles is allowed only for
permitted activities, with a maximum of 2 persons (besides the driver) in
four-wheeler vehicles, and with no pillion rider in the case of two-wheelers.
Industrial establishments in urban areas, viz., Special Economic Zones
(SEZs), Export Oriented Units (EOUs), industrial estates and industrial
townships with access control have been permitted. The other industrial
activities permitted are manufacturing units of essential goods, including
drugs, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, their raw material and
intermediates; production units, which require continuous process, and
their supply chain; manufacturing of IT hardware; jute industry with
staggered shifts and social distancing; and, manufacturing units of
packaging material. Construction activities in urban areas have been
limited to in-situ construction (where workers are available on site and no
workers are required to be brought in from outside) and construction of
renewable energy projects. Shops in urban areas, for non-essential
goods, are not allowed in malls, markets and market complexes.
However, all standalone (single) shops, neighborhood (colony) shops and
shops in residential complexes are permitted to remain open in urban
areas, without any distinction of essential and non-essential. ECommerce activities, in the Red Zones, are permitted only in respect of
essential goods. Private offices can operate with upto 33% strength as
per requirement, with the remaining persons working from home. All

Government offices shall function with senior officers of the level of
Deputy Secretary and above at full strength, and the remaining staff
attending upto 33% as per requirement. However, Defense and Security
services, Health and Family Welfare, Police, Prisons, Home Guards, Civil
Defence, Fire and Emergency Services, Disaster management and
related services, National Informatics Centre (NIC), Customs, Food
Corporation of India (FCI), National Cadet Corps (NCC), Nehru Yuvak
Kendra (NYK) and Municipal services shall function without any
restrictions; delivery of public services shall be ensured and necessary
staff will be deployed for such purpose.

9. A large number of other activities are allowed in the Red Zones. All
industrial and construction activities in rural areas, including MNREGA
works, food-processing units and brick-kilns are permitted; besides, in
rural areas, without distinction to the nature of goods, all shops, except in
shopping malls are permitted. All agriculture activities, e.g., sowing,
harvesting, procurement and marketing operations in the agricultural
supply chain are permitted. Animal husbandry activities are fully
permitted, including inland and marine fisheries. All plantation activities
are allowed, including their processing and marketing. All health services
(including AYUSH) are to remain functional, including transport of medical
personnel and patients through air ambulances. A large part of the
financial sector remains open, which includes banks, non-banking finance
companies (NBFCs), insurance and capital market activities, and credit
co-operative societies. Operation of homes for children, senior citizens,
destitutes, women and widows etc.; and operation of Anganwadis has
also been permitted. Public utilities, e.g., utilities in power, water,
sanitation, waste management, telecommunications and internet will
remain open, and courier and postal services will be allowed to operate.

10. Most of the commercial and private establishments have been
allowed in the Red Zones. These include print and electronic media, IT
and IT enabled services, data and call centres, cold storage and
warehousing services, private security and facility management services,
and services provided by self-employed persons, except for barbers etc.,
as mentioned earlier. Manufacturing units of essential goods, including
drugs, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, their raw material and
intermediates; production units, which require continuous process, and
their supply chain; Jute industry with staggered shifts and social
distancing; and manufacturing of IT hardware and manufacturing units of
packaging material will continue to be permitted.

11. In the Orange Zones, in addition to activities permitted in Red Zone,
taxis and cab aggregators will be permitted with 1 driver and 1 passenger
only. Inter-district movement of individuals and vehicles will be allowed for
permitted activities only. Four wheeler vehicles will have maximum two
passengers besides the driver and pillion riding will be allowed on two-wheelers

12. In the Green Zones, all activities are permitted except the limited
number of activities which are prohibited throughout the country,
irrespective of the Zone. However buses can operate with upto 50%
seating capacity and bus depots can operate with upto 50% capacity.

13. All goods traffic is to be permitted. No State/ UT shall stop the
movement of cargo for cross land-border trade under Treaties with
neighbouring countries. No separate pass of any sort is needed for such
movement, which is essential for maintaining the supply chain of goods
and services across the country during the lockdown period.

14. All other activities will be permitted activities, which are not
specifically prohibited, or which are permitted with restrictions in the various Zones, under these guidelines. However, States/ UTs, based on
their assessment of the situation, and with the primary objective of
keeping the spread of COVID-19 in check, may allow only select activities
from out of the permitted activities, with such restrictions as felt necessary. 

15. No separate/ fresh permissions will be required from authorities for
activities already permitted to operate under the guidelines on Lockdown
measures up to May 3, 2020. The Standard Operating Protocols (SOPs)
issued by MHA will continue to operate such as transit arrangement for
foreign national(s) in India; release of quarantine persons; movement of
stranded labour within States/ UTs; sign-on and sign-off of Indian
seafarers, movement of stranded migrant workers, pilgrims, tourists,
students and other persons by road and rail.

16. State/ UT Governments are mandated to strictly enforce the
lockdown guidelines and they shall not dilute these guidelines issued
under the Disaster Management Act, 2005, in any manner.


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