Note on Financial year in GSTR 9 & 9C (10.12.2018)
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have crept in while compiling the information provided in this article.
Annual Return in FORM GSTR-9 and Reconciliation Statement in FORM
GSTR-9C requires a registered person to disclose the Financial Year for
which the said Forms are being filed. The concept of Financial Year
although integral to Goods and Services Tax has not been defined under
any of Acts under the GST law.
Financial Year is commonly understood as a period of twelve months
commencing from the month of April of any year and ending by March of
the subsequent year. Section 2(21) of the General Clauses Act also defines
‘financial year’ as the year commencing on the first day of April. The
Income Tax Act, 1961 also follows the period of April to March as its
financial year. This is in line with the financial year followed by the
Government of India which announces its fiscal budget for the period
April to March every year.Thus, it would be safe to assume that ‘Financial
Year’ though not specifically defined under the GST law would refer to a
period of 12 months commencing from April and ending on March.
II. Certain relevant notes
1. Concept of ‘Tax period’ and ‘Financial Year’
‘Tax Period’ has been defined in terms of section 2(106) of the CGST/
SGST Act, 2017, to mean the period for which the return is required to
be furnished. Thus, tax period under the GST law would either refer to
a month or a quarter for taxable persons who are registered under
regular scheme or under the Composition Scheme as the case may be.
Financial Year will comprise of a number of tax periods. It is relevant
to note that the assessment under the GST Act is done for tax period
and not for Financial Year.
2. Financial Year v. Accounting Year as per Books of Accounts
The Companies Act, 2013 defines ‘Financial Year’ to be the period
ending on the 31st day of March every year. However, a company
which is a holding, subsidiary or associate company of any company
incorporated outside India which is required to follow a different
accounting year for consolidation of its accounts may be allowed to
follow any period as its accounting year, otherwise than a financial
year. Thus, certain companies may maintain their books of accounts for
any period of 12 months (say, January to December) to align their
books of accounts with the reporting requirements of respective
holding, subsidiary or associate company incorporated outside India. In
such instances, there may arise a question as to what could be the
‘Financial Year’ and the relevant turnover that is required to be
declared in Annual Return in FORM GSTR-9 and Reconciliation
Statement in FORM GSTR-9C.
As discussed above, FORM GSTR-9 is an Annual Return which is filed
for a financial year being tax periods commencing from April 1st of a
year and ending on 31st March of the subsequent year. Since, FORM
GSTR-9C is a Reconciliation Statement of the Annual Return with the
audited Financial Statements, there has to be a uniformity in the two
periods for which a comparison/ reconciliation is being made out. Thus,
it is imperative that the audited Financial Statements should also be
drawn for the same period as that of the Annual Return in FORM
GSTR-9, to entail possible reconciliation.
A moot question relates to – how does one reckon the financial year
since the GST regime commenced on 1st July, 2017. There are certain
clauses in FORM GSTR 9C – which reads “unbilled revenue at the
beginning of the financial year”. In such a situation should one consider
the turnovers as at 1st April 2017 (commencement of the financial year)
or as at 1st July 2017 (commencement date of the GST regime). It is
suggested that in such a situation the turnovers as at 1st July, 2017
(commencement date of the GST regime) be considered and suitably
disclosed by way of a note.
3. Newly established business registered under GST in the midst of a
Where a registered person has obtained registration under the GST law
during the financial year, the financial year will still remain April to
March. However, the registered person may mention the date of
obtaining the registration in FORM GSTR-9 and FORM GSTR-9C for
better understanding and clarity.
For the period 2017-18, the financial year to be mentioned in FORM
GSTR-9 and FORM GSTR-9C has to be 2017-18. Further, registered
person may mention that the period is from July 2017 to March 2018
for better understanding and clarity.
III. Conclusion: The ‘Financial Year’ for the purpose of Annual Return in
FORM GSTR – 9 and Reconciliation Statement in FORM GSTR – 9C
shall be commencing from April to March.
We thank CA. Vinamar Gupta for drafting this article and CA. Jatin Harjai
for reviewing the same. For any queries, you may connect with CA. Vinamar
Gupta at firstname.lastname@example.org .
– Indirect Taxes Committee